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Different Types of Orthopedic Disorders

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Introduction

This branch of medicine involves the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system consists of muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons. According to one of the research, the number of annual musculoskeletal injuries is 28.6 million. The study of orthopedics began with the aim of correcting deformities in children. 

 

After that, with the eve of time and research, the treatment of spine muscles, joints, and musculoskeletal are done. The best orthopedics hospital in Bangalore is the best option when someone has orthopedic disorders.

Types of orthopedic disorder

 

Arthritis

Arthritis is an orthopedic disease that causes swelling, pain, and restricted movement. The joints and connective tissues are affected severely. This disease affects women more than men and mostly affects old age people. One hundred different arthritis diseases affect people vastly.

 

Osteoarthritis 

Osteoarthritis is the most common disease of joints of the knee, spine, and hip. Osteoarthritis degenerates the cartilages on the end of bones. Sometimes osteoarthritis also causes bone overgrowth and reduces function. This disease does not depend on the age factor that can occur in both old and young(due to injury and overuse). Moreover, the best orthopedics hospital in Bangalore is the best option to consider for osteoarthritis conditions.

 

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation of joints. RA also causes deformities in the joints of the finger. It limits the movement of fingers. The RA is also known as an autoimmune system, which attacks its cells and tissues. Most frequently, AR occurs in people from age 30-50, but in most cases, it also affects people aged between 20-30. 

 

Bursitis

Bursa is a sac that has fluid in it and that fluid functions as a cushion and a gliding surface to decrease friction among the body’s tissues. When inflammation occurs in the bursa that inflammation results in bursitis disease. Experts believe that bursitis is temporary and does not cause a deformity in any way.

 

Elbow pain

Elbow pain occurs mostly due to the overuse of joints. In sports and jobs, we repeatedly move our hands, arm, and wrist. Experts say that elbow pain occurs due to the inflammation of any of the two elbow tendons. Elbow pain limits the movements of joints present in the elbow, and You have to put your arm in a steady position for rapid recovery.

 

Fracture

When a bone breaks, it causes a fracture. Sometimes the bone is entirely or partially fractured due to car accidents or sports injuries. A fracture not only occurs due to the accident but also due to osteoporosis which ultimately weakens the bone.

 

Cubital tunnel syndrome 

There is an ulnar nerve present inside the elbow and injury of this nerve results in cubital tunnel syndrome. In this disease, the funny bone is present inside the elbow; you feel pain when you hit it. This nerve(ulnar) starts from your neck and ends in your fingers.

 

Knee pain

Knee pain occurs in all ages of people when the ligament is ruptured or cartilage tears up. In some cases, the knee injury needs physical exercise and self measures to recover. When a patient’s case is more complicated, then it can be cured by surgery.

 

Common Causes of Orthopedics Disorder

  • Amputation

  • Birth trauma

  • Cerebral palsy

  • Poliomyelitis

  • Bone tuberculosis

Symptoms of the orthopedic disorder

  • Deformity in joints

  • Pain in joints

  • Stiffness in the joints 

  • Restricted motion 

  • Muscle spasms

  • Weakness in bone

  • Swelling in the diseased area

  • Inflammation in the bones

Treatment of orthopedic disorders

  • In some complex cases, surgery is the only treatment.

  • Some disorders or injuries are minor and are curable by self exercise or self measures.

  • Injections

  • Acupuncture

  • Anti-inflammatory medication

Types of surgery in orthopedic disorder

Total joint replacement

In this type of surgery, the damaged joint is replaceable with an artificial joint made up of metal and plastic. It is the most common type of surgery. 

 

Arthroscopic

In Arthroscopic surgery, the arthroscopic device helps to detect any potential damage in the joints. The arthroscope consists of a camera that goes into the patient’s joint, and there are incisions that the doctor uses to fix the problems.

 

Bone grafting

In bone grafting surgery surgeons often use bone from elsewhere in the patient’s body to repair the generated or damaged bones. Sometimes the surgeon sources the bone from another person.

 

Fracture repair surgery

In this type of surrey, surgeons often implant the rods, wires, and plates to stabilize the damaged bone. This surgery is the only option when there is a severely damaged bone.

Conclusion

Orthopedics disorder widely occurs due to different conditions in bones. The orthopedics include damaging of bones, dislocation of bone, and breaking of bones. Research shows that 11 out of 100 athletes face orthopedic injury in the Olympics each year. The orthopedic has many types of disorders, as mentioned above. It is better to treat damaged bone as soon as possible, or else it becomes worse.

 

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