Pigmentation is one of the most common skin issues people face. Pigmentation refers to the dark spots on the skin and face that are caused by excess production of melanin, which is why it’s important to be using a pigmentation cream. Melanin is a pigment that gives colour to our skin. The pigment is produced by skin cells known as melanocytes. Various reasons can affect the production of melanin in our bodies.
One of the most common reasons is medications, as there are certain medications that can cause hyperpigmentation. It can also be a result of chemotherapy drugs and the signs of ageing. In some women, fluctuation of hormones during pregnancy can also affect the production of melanin.
In some cases, a rare endocrine disease is known as Addison's diseases can cause hyperpigmentation in areas of sun exposure such as the face, neck, hands, elbows, and knees. It can also be caused due to an increased level of hormones in the body that results in increased melanin synthesis. Yet another common reason for pigmentation is excessive sun exposure.
How hyperpigmentation is diagnosed
A dermatologist can help in the diagnosis of the pigmentation as well as its causes. They will also ask for your medical history and give you a physical exam to help determine the cause. In some cases, a skin biopsy can help in finding out the cause.
Treatment of pigmentation
Topical prescription medication is often prescribed for treating hyperpigmentation. If you are also suffering from dark spots on your face, pigmentation cream is a great solution. It can contain important ingredients such as Hydroquinone, which helps in fading away the spots.
What is it?
The cream contains a powerful fading agent which helps in fading the brown blemishes and freckles. It can also contain exfoliant and sunscreen. It begins to show the results gradually, so one must apply it sparingly each day. Expected results begin to appear after 6 weeks of usage. Other key ingredients can include Salicylic Acid, which can also work as an exfoliant.
Who can use it
Hydroquinone cream can be used by people who have brown skin blemishes and freckles, which are the result of excess pigmentation due to prolonged sun exposure, hormonal fluctuation, and skin type.
However, dark-skinned individuals must avoid using this type of cream for long-term colour lightening as it can result in darker skin.
About the pigmentation scale
Did you know that there is a pigmentation scale as not all pigmentation is the same? It differs from one individual to other. Pigmentation not only occurs because of various reasons, but it also has various intensities. Thus, it is very important to find out where you are on the pigmentation scale so that you can choose the best solution for you.
The pigmentation varies from mild, moderate to hyper, and there are different pigmentation creams for addressing your unique needs.
How to use the cream
Pigmentation cream is a spot treatment cream, which means you only apply it to the affected area. Take the right amount of cream and apply it twice daily and once before bedtime. The cream comes with an applicator which makes it easy to apply it to the affected area evenly.
Once you notice the desired fading of the spots, you can continue using it occasionally for maintaining the results. However, before you begin the treatment, you should take a patch test for any allergic reactions. Apply the cream on the inside of the upper arm and observe for 24 hours.
In case of any reaction or allergy, contact a dermatologist and stop using the cream.
If the symptoms worsen, it may not be the right treatment for you. Also, read the label and follow the instructions when applying the cream.
Tips to prevent pigmentation
It may not always be possible to prevent pigmentation, but you can take the following measures for protection:
· You must avoid prolonged exposure to the sun.
· When planning to step out, you must wear sunscreen.
· Choose a sunscreen with at least 30 SPF.
· Wearing hats and scarves can block direct sunlight on the face.
· Avoid the sun when it is strongest during the day, typically between 10 AM to 4 PM.
· Avoiding certain medications can also help in preventing hyperpigmentation.
This cream is not suitable for children. Avoid applying it near the eyes and do not exceed the recommended daily dose. Excessive use can lead to darkening of the skin. If you have dark pigments on your face that are hampering your appearance as well as your confidence, then it is time to try a pigmentation cream today!