What is stroke?
When blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted by either blockage or rupture of a blood vessel, is called stroke. There are vital signs of a stroke that you need to be aware of and need to be wary of.
Seek immediate medical attention if you think you or someone around you may have a stroke. The faster the treatment, the better the prognosis, as untreated stroke for too long can lead to permanent brain damage.
Types of stroke
There are two main types of stroke or stroke: a blockage causes an ischemic stroke; The rupture of a blood vessel causes hemorrhagic stroke. Both types of stroke deprive part of the brain of blood and oxygen, which leads to brain cell death.
The ischemic stroke is the most common and occurs when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel and prevents blood and oxygen from reaching a part of the brain. There are two ways to do this. One of these is an embolic stroke, which occurs when a clot forms elsewhere in your body and lodges itself in a blood vessel in the brain. The other way is a thrombotic stroke, which occurs when the clot forms in a blood vessel of the brain.
Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel breaks, or bleeds, and then stops the blood from reaching a part of the brain. Bleeding can occur in any blood vessel in the brain or in the membrane that surrounds the brain.
Symptoms of a stroke
The sooner you get a diagnosis and treatment for a stroke, the better your prognosis. That's why it's essential to understand and recognize the symptoms of a stroke.
The symptoms of stroke include:
- Difficulty walking,
- Fear of heights,
- Loss of balance and coordination,
- Difficulty speaking or understanding others who speak,
- Numbness or paralysis of the face, leg or arm, probably on one side of the body,
- Blurred or darkened vision,
Sudden headache, especially when accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or dizziness.
The symptoms of a stroke may vary depending on the person and the location of the brain where it occurred. The symptoms usually appear suddenly, even if they are not very serious, and they can get worse over time.
Remembering the following questions will help people recognize the most common symptoms of stroke:
Face: Does one side of the face sag?
Arms: If a person reaches both arms outward, do we drift down?
Speech: Is their expression abnormal or hazy?
Time: It's time to call 15 and get to the hospital if any of these symptoms are present.
Diagnosis of a stroke
Health care providers have several tools to determine if you have had a stroke. Your health care provider will conduct a complete physical exam to check your strength, reflexes, vision, speech, and senses. They will also check if the blood vessels in your neck are emitting a particular sound. This sound, which is called noise, indicates abnormal blood flow. Finally, they will check your blood pressure, which can be high if you have had a stroke.
Your doctor can also perform diagnostic tests to find out the cause of the stroke and locate the cause. These tests may include one or more of the following:
Blood tests: Your healthcare provider may want to perform a blood test to determine clotting time, blood glucose, or infection. All of these factors can affect the likelihood and progression of a stroke.
Angiography: An angiogram, which involves adding a dye to your blood and taking an X-ray of your head, can help your doctor find the obstructed or hemorrhagic blood vessel.
Carotid Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create images of the blood vessels in your neck. This test can help your health care provider determine if there is abnormal blood flow to your brain.
Scan: It is often done shortly after the onset of stroke symptoms. The test can help your healthcare provider find the problem or other problems that may be associated with the stroke.
MRI: An MRI can provide a more detailed image of the brain than computed tomography. It is more sensitive than a scanner to detect a stroke.
Echocardiogram: This imaging technique uses sound waves to create an image of your heart. It can help your health care provider find the source of blood clots.
Electrocardiogram (ECG): This is an electrical tracing of your heart. This will help your healthcare provider determine if an abnormal heart rhythm is causing a stroke.
Treatment of a stroke
The treatment of stroke depends on the type of stroke you have suffered. The goal of ischemic stroke treatment, for example, is to restore blood flow. Hemorrhagic stroke treatments are aimed at controlling bleeding.
Treatment of ischemic stroke
To treat ischemic stroke, you may be given a drug that dissolves clots or an anticoagulant. You can also get aspirin to prevent a second stroke. Emergency treatment for this type of stroke can include injecting a drug into the brain or eliminating a blockage through intervention.
Treatment of hemorrhagic stroke
In the case of hemorrhagic stroke, you may be given medication that lowers the pressure in your brain caused by bleeding. If the bleeding is severe, you may need to have surgery to remove excess blood. It is also possible that you will need surgery to repair the rupture of a blood vessel.
The long-term perspective of a stroke
There is a recovery period after a stroke. The duration of recovery varies according to the severity of the stroke. You may need to participate in rehabilitation because of the effects of stroke on your health, especially the disabilities it can cause. This may include speech therapy or occupational therapy or working with a psychiatrist, neurologist, or other health professional.
Your long-term prospects after a stroke depend on a few factors:
- The type of stroke,
- The extent of the damage it causes to your brain,
- The speed with which you can receive treatment,
- Your general state of health
- Long-term prospects after ischemic stroke are better than after hemorrhagic stroke.
Common complications of stroke include difficulty speaking, swallowing, moving, or thinking. These can improve over weeks, months, and even years after a stroke.
Prevention of a stroke
There are many risk factors for stroke, including diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and hypertension (high blood pressure).
Therefore, there are many steps you can take to help prevent stroke. Stroke prevention measures are similar to those you would take to help prevent heart disease. Here are some ways to reduce your risk:
- Maintain healthy blood pressure.
- Limit your intake of saturated fat and cholesterol.
- Avoid smoking and drink alcohol in moderation.
- Control diabetes.
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat a diet rich in vegetables and fruits.
Your health care provider may prescribe medication to prevent stroke if he knows you are at risk. Possible preventative medications for stroke include medicines that thin the blood and prevent clots. Today, I suggest that's the best effective stroke, Heart Attack Medicine, which helps your itself. This Medicine Name is Plavix.
Plavix is a tablet that is usually prescribed to people suffering from heart-related illnesses and conditions. It will be given to a person who has recently suffered from strokes, heart attacks, or similar problems. Clopidogrel is also useful for dealing with poor blood circulation, peripheral vascular diseases, and unstable angina.