General overview of flood lighting


Outdoor lighting fixtures are flood lights or artificial daylight-like light. These light fixtures may be seen on the exterior of any structure, whether it is residential, commercial, or industrial. They are more of a need since they provide effective illumination for regular chores, as well as security and comfort for the residents of the area.

What is it about them that makes them ideal for nearly all outdoor lighting applications?

To identify this, below are the typical flood light characteristics that make them the most durable outdoor fixture, which can also be used as a reference to choose the right fixture for any outside lighting needs.

Structure of a flood light

The structural components of a flood light contribute to the fixture's longevity. These fixtures are made of highly durable materials because they are intended to be used outside. To select the most appropriate flood light for your application check this link.


The fixture, as well as its optical and electrical components, are protected and supported by the housing, which is constructed of aluminium or die cast aluminium. Aluminum is heat and moisture resistant, and LED flood lights feature a built-in heat-sink and heat-dissipating fins at the back of the fixture.


For flood lights, halogen bulbs are used since they are brighter than other lamp types. They heat up fast and need to be replaced frequently since they wear out quickly. LED lights are now favoured above all other types of bulbs because they provide the best illumination, efficiency, and less heat output. LED bulbs are either built-in or made up of LED chips that are significantly brighter.


The majority of lens materials are polycarbonate, acrylic, or extremely resistant glass, which protects the fixture from external elements like heat, water, and dust. The lens is also responsible for diverting light away from the fixture.

Specification of flood lights

LED flood lights are designed with a variety of characteristics that allow them to not only offer general illumination but also generate different lighting schemes for façade lighting, architectural lighting, and security lighting.

LED lamp type

There are two types of LEDs used in flood light fixtures.

SMD LED chips

Surface-mounted diodes with ceramic bases are considerably more efficient led chips for tiny light fixtures.

COB LED chips 

Cup on mount chips, which are high-powered chips with in-thermal contact boards to effectively dissipate heat, are widely used in flood lights.

Cut-off design

To minimise any mishaps or interruptions caused by these light fixtures, there are four types of cutoffs for flood lights that are based on dark sky compliance and local area code.

The light is directed out of the fixture by the cutoff designs, which are:

  • Full cut off
  • Semi cut off
  • Forward throw
  • up/down flood lights 

Mounting options

Flood light fixtures are used for general illumination and are installed on poles, wall surfaces, and around entrances. The mounting choices are for safety and visibility from a certain angle, and they are as follows:

  • Pole mount
  • Split fitter
  • Knuckle mount
  • U- bracket

Photocells, motion sensors, security camera integration

Because these lights are only effective at night, they are equipped with photocells, motion sensors, and security cameras when placed around areas like residences, courtyards, and garages.

IP rating

Flood lights are IP certified against water, dust, and chemicals to meet the needs of an outdoor fixture. The most common ratings are IP65, IP66, and IP67, which are based on the environment and the place's long-term state.

Beam angle

For a consistent dispersion of light across a vast surface, these lights have an exceptionally wide beam angle. The standard spread is 0-120 degrees, however this varies depending on the height and cut-off design of the fixture.

Finally, LED flood lights are often preferred over traditional lamps since they are more cost-effective, safer, and brighter. They offer glare-free ambient light and allow for a variety of customizations prior to installation.