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History and Concepts of Abstract Expressionism

Indian art has provided a lot of emotional, mythological significance and cultural representation. At the same time as it all represents, modern art is one of the most controversial yet Indian arts that has revolutionized us and the world as a whole since the nineteenth century.


In a way, Expressionism is an expression of the modern movement of art that initially began to emerge through painting and poetry, appearing in Germany in the early 20th century. Presenting the world only from a subjective point of view seriously distorts it for emotional decisions to provoke a common trait, moods or ideas. Artists generally seek to convey the meaning of the emotional experience to the general public through paintings.


Expressionism developed as a new and experimental style and idea before the First World War. It was popular during the Weimar Republic, Especially in Berlin. But this style also extended in a variety of arts, including expressive architecture, painting, literature, drama, dance, film, and music,etc. This term was created to express their feelings in an indirect way. Expressionism is, in fact, a general movement rather than a specific movement. In short, as a general style of painting and sculpture, expressionism has always been, and always will be.


Expression art style that the artist seeks to portray is not an objective reality but rather subjective emotions and it arouses responses to objects and events within a person. The artist accomplishes the purpose through distortion, exaggeration, originality and imagination and through the vivid, jarring, violent or dynamic use of formal elements.


In the broadest sense , Expressionism is one of the foremost currents of art in the late 19th centuries, and its qualities of highly subjective, personal, spontaneous self-expression are common to a wide range of modern artists and art movements. The view that art has been translated has not been challenged, and has since been replaced by the theory that art is expression. Instead of reflecting the conditions of the outside world, art is conducted in a way that reflects the inner state of the artist. This, at least, seems to be inherent in the main sense of the expression,the exterior reveals an internal state.

Art as a representation of external existence has been transformed by art into an expression of the inner life of human beings.


When was the Expressionism movement?


The Expressionist movement emerged in the late 1990s. Expressionism is a radical personal art form.


Colour Field Painting


Emerging somewhat later than action-painting is the second style of abstract expressionism, known as color field painting. It appeared in many places, experimenting with the use of flat areas or color fields to stimulate thought among the audience. The pitch of strange intensity.


The impulse behind the Color field is characterized by simple graphic images designed to create the stimulus reflection and cerebral, emotional impact behind the painting. These types of art described their desire to achieve the "sublime" rather than the “beautiful. These type of highly coloured minimalitic art, it style is aimed to stimulate the emotion. it recollects all of the memory, association, nostalgia, legend, and myth from our traditional culture and Western culture in a pictorial representation.


Characteristics of Expressionism:


Expressionist art sought to convey emotion and meaning rather than reality. Each artist had a unique way of “expressing” their emotions in their art. In order to express emotion, lessons are often distorted or exaggerated. At the same time, the colors are often vivid and stunning.


When complementary and contrasting colors are used to evoke emotion and attract the viewer. The evolution of technology allows art to take on a new form as shown by artists.


Expressionism art example:


Abstract Expressionism


"Abstract expressionism" is a vague term that often refers to the general movement of unrepresentative painting, abstract expressionist painting is not entirely abstract or expressive and encompasses a variety of styles. Expressionist art of today tends to be more abstract in nature.Nevertheless, the different expressions of abstract expressionism had many purposes in common, not least in the desire to redefine the nature of painting, and in the task of creating a new kind of art.


For an instance, in this Colorful Village painting, pigment was applied by brush to a canvas has more to say than any description of its meaning.


A key feature of this “event” is the “all over” or shapelessness of the paintings.


It particularly flows beyond the canvas, only being cut off by the physical boundaries of the canvas edges.


Rectangular shapes with sharp edges of glowing color painting sought to envelop the viewer and evoke an emotional experience,to the extent of delight, the color field paintings were implemented on a monumental level for optimal impact - not to evoke heroic luxury, but rather to influence and create a closer relationship with the individual viewer.


Figurative Expressionism:

The term “Figurative expressionism” arose as an impact ,The Figurative expression  in
indian painting refers to the feeling at the heart of expressive consciousness, such as the identity of the individual and the group in the modern world, and the nature of the creative process and its implications. These factors speak to the movement’s strong connection with the emotional expression of the artist’s inner vision, and the variety of brushes and bold colors found in paintings such as AFFECTION 10, AFFECTION 5, BHARATHANATYAM, THE EVENING WIND ,and Face of Glory have influenced many new generations of practitioners.

Abstract expression, the authenticity of a painting lies in its honesty and the immediate nature of the expression, how the artist expressed his inner impulses, being in his trance. In a way, painting became an event, a play of self-expression. Hence the term “action painting”. They also speak of rejecting the “realism” that externally confronts Impressionism, and quietly suggest the influence of symbolism on movement, which sees meaning in line, form, form, and color.


Figurative Expressionist artists often used spiral, fast and exaggerated brushes in the depiction of their subjects.this types of art emerges from within the artist, rather than from the depiction of the external visual world, and the quality of evaluating the quality of a work of art has become more characteristic of the artist’s feelings than of the analysis of the composition.

That is why Indian modern art painting is never called exterior, it is not about colors that are pleasing to the eye or preferred by everyone, but beyond these colors and lines. This is the importance of ethics that develops over time. Every Indian modern art has a depiction of soul and life.

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