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How to Effectively Plan and Manage Testing Projects

When it comes to plan, organize, and manage a project, then there are countless things to consider for an effective project. It may be a key element, or it may be the working conditions of the project. Everything is included in the project to ensure that the work is done in an appropriate manner. Also, the objective is to explain that all the outcomes are as per the requirements and desired results. How each team explains the goals to be achieved directly reflects the clarity contained in the project plan. Especially when it comes to testing projects, an incorrect project plan will harshly affect the test execution of the system under test and the overall quality of the entire product. But here comes the


Software Testing Project Management 


Software project planning is required to control and monitor the critical processes involved in software development. Carry out a project plan to ensure that the project is completed in time, the final product has good quality and the project is completed in time. In order to carry out project planning, it is important to consider the level of project complexity, scale, and structural uncertainty.

Every independent software testing company and organization that has an in-house team of testers must be able to understand the importance of planning and managing testing projects for achieving desired outcomes of testing. 

Now let us draw your attention to the various stages involved in the testing planning process;


Probing and Analyzing Test Requirements

Reviewing and analyzing requirements is the baby step towards your software testing planning process. When trying to analyze the requirements, the test team must identify and determine which items must be tested. These projects depend heavily on how the end-user uses the system, so they must be measurable, detailed, and meaningful. The identified items or functions usually describe what the specific software or product intends to do; characterized by functional Can also determine some non-functional requirements.

The requirements are then documented and distributed for review. All review comments and feedback must be included to finalize the document.


Testing Scope 

The scope of testing is usually an extension of the requirements analysis phase, and because they are parallel, they are usually considered as a single activity. After the requirements are determined, the test team will determine the items to be tested and the items not to be tested.


This activity should also determine which test areas are covered by which teams.


Designing Test Strategy with Test Scope 

The next phase in the testing planning process is the documentation of a testing strategy with respect to the scope of the test. This means defining a test approach for the sake of achieving desired goals. 

Testing strategy documents does not mean frequent updates.

At a high level, the content of the test strategy document will have the scope and objectives of the test, the methods, roles, and responsibilities of each test team, the determining test tools, the determined metrics, risk and mitigation plans, reporting, and tracking mechanisms, etc.


Identify the Necessary Tool Required

Depending on whether automation can be achieved and whether CLI (command line interface) or GUI automation is targeted, the corresponding tool needs to be determined.

You must also identify tools for test management that will help create and assign tasks, track test progress, identify obstacles, and generate reports indicating progress.


Estimation of Testing Efforts

With the proper estimation of efforts, prevention of time delays is possible. 

The main factors influencing this activity are the size of the team, the skills within the team, the team's attitude, and the schedule. The team must review the workload estimate so that it is proportional to these factors and these factors are proportional to their level of interest.


Identify Test Metrics

The test index is usually a quantitative method to derive the quality of the product or system.

At the beginning of any project, these measurable units need to be leveled to help determine if there are any opportunities for improvement. Usually, for the purpose of quality audits, metrics are direct indicators of product and process quality.


Creation of Test Plan

The test plan document is centered on testing and explains "test content", "when to test", "how to test" and "who will test", which are determined by technical documents, such as use case documents, advanced design. 


Final Thoughts

No doubt each stage in the planning process can be discussed in detail. But the main purpose of this article was to highlight the main elements of each stage in the planning process for testers to ensure effective testing in the future. 

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Olivia Wilson
Olivia Wilson
Olivia Wilson is a digital nomad and founder of Todays Past. She travels the world while freelancing & Guest blogging. She has over 5 years of experience in the field with multiple awards. She enjoys pie, as should all right-thinking people.
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