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HomeHealth & FitnessKnow Causes and Risk Factor of Cancer

Know Causes and Risk Factor of Cancer

Cancer originates in your cells, which serve as the foundation of your body. Normally, your body creates new cells as needed, replacing old ones that die. This procedure can occasionally go awry. New cells form even when they are not required, and old cells do not die when they should. These excess cells can combine to create a growth known as a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant in nature. Malignant tumors are cancerous, but benign ones are not. Malignant tumor cells have the ability to invade neighboring tissues. They can also divide and spread to other parts of the body. When it comes to cancer, you require the best doctors and services possible. Credihealth can help you find the best cancer hospital in Hyderabad. Some of the best hospitals in the area are Omega Hospital, CARE Hospitals, etc.

Causes of cancer

Cancer develops from the change of normal cells into tumor cells in a multi-stage process that evolves from a precancerous lesion to a malignant tumor. These changes are the consequence of a person's hereditary factors interacting with three types of external agents, which include:

  • UV and ionizing radiation are examples of physical carcinogens.

  • Chemical carcinogens such as asbestos, cigarette smoke components, aflatoxin (a food contaminant), and arsenic (a drinking water contaminant).

  • Infections with certain viruses, bacteria, or parasites are examples of biological carcinogens.

Cancer incidence grows substantially with age, most likely owing to an accumulation of risks for particular malignancies that rise with age. The buildup of overall risk is paired with the propensity for cellular repair systems to become less efficient as a person ages.

Risk factors for cancer

Tobacco usage, alcohol use, poor nutrition, inactivity, and air pollution are all risk factors for cancer (and other non-communicable diseases).

Some chronic infections are cancer risk factors; this is especially prevalent in low- and middle-income nations like India. Carcinogenic infections such as Helicobacter pylori, human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and Epstein-Barr virus were responsible for around 13% of malignancies reported globally in 2018. Hepatitis B and C viruses, as well as some forms of HPV, raise the risk of liver and cervical cancer, respectively. HIV infection significantly raises the risk of malignancies such as cervical cancer. You can get a better knowledge of these risk factors through Credihealth. Just book an online appointment with the top cancer hospital in Hyderabad, like Medicover Hospital or Continental Hospital, to better avoid the risk of cancer.

Ways to prevent cancer

Cancer may presently be avoided in 30 to 50 percent of cases by avoiding risk factors and following existing evidence-based preventive methods. Cancer burden can also be minimized by early identification and adequate treatment and care of cancer patients. Many cancers have a good possibility of being cured if detected early and treated properly. Cancer risk can be lowered by doing the following:

  • avoiding the use of tobacco

  • keeping a healthy body weight

  • consuming a nutritious diet that includes fruits and veggies

  • taking part in physical exercise regularly

  • preventing hazardous alcohol usage

  • getting vaccinated against HPV and hepatitis B if you belong to a group for whom vaccination is advised.

  • avoiding UV radiation (which primarily results from exposure to the sun and artificial tanning devices).

  • ensuring the safe and proper use of radiation in health care (for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes).

  • reducing occupational ionizing radiation exposure

  • lowering exposure to outdoor and indoor air pollution, including radon (a radioactive gas created by the natural decay of uranium that can collect in structures such as houses, schools, and offices).

The importance of early diagnosis

Cancer mortality can be decreased if instances are identified and treated as soon as possible. Cancer is more likely to react to therapy when detected early, which can result in a higher chance of survival, reduced morbidity, and less expensive treatment. By identifying cancer early and minimizing delays in care, cancer patients' lives can be significantly improved. Early detection is made up of three parts:

  • Being aware of the signs of various cancers and the significance of getting medical assistance if you are worried.

  • Access to clinical assessment and diagnostic services.

Referral to therapeutic services should be made as soon as possible.

Early detection of symptomatic malignancies is important in all settings and for the vast majority of cancers. Cancer programs should be intended to decrease delays in diagnosis, treatment, and care, as well as obstacles to diagnosis, treatment, and care.

It's important to have access to the best diagnostic services for early detection. Excellent diagnostic services can be booked through Credihealth for the best cancer hospitals in Hyderabad, like Global Hospital and many more.

 



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