Anil Agarwal's Vedanta, Aditya Birla Group and the Adani Group won the first tranche of commercial auction of coal mines in India. Thus, further ramping up private participation can possibly lead the mining sector to achieve an exponential growth trajectory in the near future
The GDP of India during FY2020-21 shrank by over 7.3 per cent with the mining sector witnessing a contraction of around 5.7 per cent. However, quarter wise, the latter has seen a revival with its output increasing by around 6.1 per cent in March. Prof Krupesh Thakkar, CFA, HoD of Financial Markets, ITM B-School says that this is because the lockdown was lifted in Q3 and Q4. Furthermore, the government's push for private participation in the sector can also be majorly attributed to this.
Last year, the government announced the auction of around 38 coal mines for commercial mining, with the first round successfully ended in November. Anil Agarwal's Vedanta, Aditya Birla Group and the Adani Group were among the final winners of those coal mines in India that went under the hammer.
While Vedanta Ltd bid the highest for a coal block in Odisha, Hindalco Industries won the auction for another coal block in Jharkhand. Meanwhile, Adani Enterprises Ltd, the flagship company of the Adani Group and the largest coal mine developer and operator in India, placed a winning bid for the Dhirauli mine in Madhya Pradesh. With this, it now owns its first coal mine in the country. Other winning bidders include Aurobindo Realty, JMS Mining, Yazdani International and more.
After having awarded around 19 mines in the first round, the government launched the second tranche of auction in March, which is said to have received a tremendous response once again.
The move by the government was a part of its measures to deal with the pandemic-led economic strain. In fact, the first round of the auction alone, which garnered over Rs 7,000 Cr, was expected to generate employment to nearly 70,000 people. These figures are also indicative of the slight revival that the mining sector has seen in the last two quarters, despite the contraction in the entire FY2020-21. Thus, by further ramping up private participation, the mining sector can possibly achieve an exponential growth trajectory in the coming quarters.
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