Telecommunication uses radio, wire, electromagnetic systems, and optical to exchange signals, words, messages, images, sounds, writings, and signs. The term telecommunication takes place when an exchange between two communication channels occurs. The exchange is transmitted using a transmission medium. An example is when signals or information is transmitted via radio or electrical cable. The transmission paths are divided into certain communication channels that have the capability of multiplexing. A telecommunications system needs innovation and automation which is provided by an operational support service telecom provider.
Historically, communication over a distance would require optical heliographs, signal flags, smoke signals, semaphore telegraphs, and beacons. The 20th and 21st century introduced technologies that allowed long-distance communication which involves the usage of electronic magnetic technologies and electric equipment. The first long-distance communication includes radio, telephone, telegraph, optical fiber, and communication satellites. The history of wireless communication started during the 20th century’s first decade.
Basic Elements of Telecommunications
Telecommunication technologies have been primarily divided into either wired or wireless methods. A basic telecommunication system is made up of three main parts. The three parts are the transmission, transmission medium or physical channel, and the receiver.
Some telecommunication systems utilize duplex or two-way systems that have a single box of electronics that works as the transmitter and receiver, which is also known as the transceiver. A cellphone is an example of a transceiver. The transmission and receiver within a transceiver are independent of one another.
Telecommunications that passed through fixed lines are referred to as point-to-point communication. Unlike a transceiver, the communication in a non-duplex system goes to a transmitter then to a receiver. An example of this type of telecommunication equipment is a radio.
Telecommunications using multiple transmitters and receivers are made to cooperate while being able to share the same physical channel are referred to as multiplex. Sharing physical channels with the use of multiplex systems contribute to the reduction of costs. Multiplex signals are switched on through the nodes via the destination terminal server.
What is a telecommunications network?
A telecommunications network is made up of a collection of receivers, transmitters, and channels that are sending messages to each other. Certain digital communications networks deploy one or more routers, which works alongside each other in transmitting information to the proper user. An analog network is made up of one or more stitches which establish the connection between two or more people. Both types of networks might require repeaters to recreate or amplify the signal that is transmitted on long distances. An advantage of a digital system over analog is having easier storage of output in memory.
Importance of Operational Support Service Telecom
The Operations Support Systems (OS is made up of computer systems that telecommunication service providers use in managing their networks. An OSS can provide service provisioning, network configuration, fault management, and network inventory. An OSS uses a set of programs that aids a telecommunication company to control, manage, monitor, and analyze their computer or telephone network.
One of the most important services provided by an operational support service telecom provider is the network provisioning. The tools used for network provisioning are important to help the provision of new devices or services to the customers of telecommunication companies. These types of tools are utilized by those companies to ensure that their jobs are easier while providing better services to their clients. They also have metrics to measure their performance. Network provisioning aids in managing various resources that are deployed throughout a system. Network provisioning can be employed by various departments that will provide a clear look as to what is exactly happening within the system. Telecommunication companies can use the tools to monitor their customer access and ensuring that their data are secured.
Software companies like ETI are used by telecommunication companies to reduce the risk of error. In the past, most telecommunication companies used manual and old-fashioned services. Telecoms used humans intervention in every step and procedure which leads to a higher rate of human error. Network provisioning eliminates the slow activation of every process that causes many delays. The delays will frustrate the staff and disappoint the customers. The automation and provisioning management of newer innovations allowed telecommunication companies to be more efficient while reducing their costs due to lesser mistakes made in the pipeline.