Scarlett Ingrid Johansson (/dʒoʊˈhænsən/; born November 22, 1984) is an American actress and singer. She was the world's highest-paid actress in 2018 and 2019, and has featured multiple times on the Forbes Celebrity 100 list. Her films have grossed over $14.3 billion worldwide, making Johansson the ninth-highest-grossing box office star of all time. She is the recipient of several accolades, including a Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, as well as nominations for two Academy Awards and five Golden Globe Awards.
Born and raised in Manhattan, New York City, Johansson aspired to be an actress from a young age and first appeared on stage in an Off-Broadway play as a child actor. She made her film debut in the fantasy comedy North (1994), and gained early recognition for her roles in Manny & Lo (1996), The Horse Whisperer (1998), and Ghost World (2001). Johansson shifted to adult roles in 2003 with her performances in Lost in Translation, which won her a BAFTA Award for Best Actress, and Girl with a Pearl Earring. She was nominated for Golden Globe Awards for these films, and for playing a troubled teenager in the drama A Love Song for Bobby Long (2004), and a seductress in the psychological thriller Match Point (2005). Other works during this period include The Prestige (2006) and Vicky Cristina Barcelona (2008); and the albums Anywhere I Lay My Head (2008) and Break Up (2009), both of which charted on the Billboard 200.
In 2010, Johansson debuted on Broadway in a revival of A View from the Bridge, which won her a Tony Award for Best Featured Actress, and began playing the role of Black Widow in the Marvel Cinematic Universe with Iron Man 2 won her critical acclaim. Johansson went on to star in the science fiction films Her (2013), Under the Skin (2013), Lucy (2014), and Ghost in the Shell (2017). She received critical acclaim and two Academy Award nominations for playing an actress going through a divorce in the drama Marriage Story and a single mother in Nazi Germany in the satire Jojo Rabbit (both 2019).
As a public figure, Johansson is a prominent brand endorser and supports various charities. She has been cited as a Hollywood sex symbol by various media outlets. She was married to Canadian actor Ryan Reynolds from 2008 to 2011, and to French businessman Romain Dauriac, with whom she has a daughter, from 2014 to 2017. In 2020, Johansson married comedian Colin Jost.,,
Scarlett Ingrid Johansson was born on November 22,1984, in the Manhattan borough of New York City. Her father, Karsten Olaf Johansson, is an architect originally from Copenhagen, Denmark. Her paternal grandfather, Ejner Johansson, was an art historian, screenwriter, and film director, and his father was Swedish. Scarlett's mother, Melanie Sloan, a New Yorker, has worked as a producer. She comes from an Ashkenazi Jewish family from Poland and Russia, originally surnamed Schlamberg, and Scarlett has described herself as Jewish. She has an older sister, Vanessa, also an actress; an older brother, Adrian; and a twin brother, Hunter. Johansson also has an older half-brother, Christian, from her father's first marriage. She holds dual American and Danish citizenship.
Johansson attended PS 41, an elementary school in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. Her parents divorced when she was 13. Johansson was particularly close to her maternal grandmother, Dorothy Sloan, a bookkeeper and schoolteacher; they often spent time together and Johansson considered Sloan her best friend. Interested in a career in the spotlight from an early age, she often put on song-and-dance routines for her family. She was particularly fond of musical theater and jazz hands. She took lessons in tap dance, and states that her parents were supportive of her career choice. She describes her childhood as very ordinary.
Sebagai seorang anak, Johansson berlatih akting dengan menatap cermin sampai membuat dirinya menangis, ingin menjadi Judy Garland di Meet Me in St. Louis. Pada usia tujuh tahun, dia hancur ketika seorang agen bakat menandatangani salah satu saudara laki-lakinya, bukan dia, tetapi dia kemudian memutuskan untuk menjadi seorang aktris. Dia mendaftar di Institut Teater Lee Strasberg, dan mulai mengikuti audisi untuk iklan, tetapi segera kehilangan minat: "Saya tidak ingin mempromosikan Wonder Bread." Dia mengalihkan fokusnya ke film dan teater, membuat penampilan panggung pertamanya di Off-Broadway memainkan Sophistry dengan Ethan Hawke, di mana dia memiliki dua baris. Sekitar waktu ini, ia mulai belajar di Professional Children's School (PCS), sebuah lembaga pendidikan swasta untuk calon aktor cilik di Manhattan. Pada usia sembilan tahun, Johansson membuat debut filmnya sebagai John Ritter' Putrinya dalam komedi fantasi North (1994). Dia mengatakan bahwa ketika dia berada di lokasi syuting, dia tahu secara intuitif apa yang harus dilakukan. Johansson kemudian memainkan peran kecil termasuk sebagai putri karakter Sean Connery dan Kate Capshaw dalam film thriller misteri Just Cause (1995), dan seorang mahasiswa seni di If Lucy Fell (1996).
1996–2002: Peran awal
Peran utama pertama Johansson adalah sebagai Amanda, adik perempuan dari seorang remaja hamil yang melarikan diri dari rumah asuhnya di Manny & Lo (1996) bersama Aleksa Palladino dan saudara laki-lakinya, Hunter. Penampilannya mendapat ulasan positif: satu yang ditulis untuk San Francisco Chronicle mencatat, "[film] tumbuh pada Anda, sebagian besar karena pesona ... Scarlett Johansson," sementara kritikus Mick LaSalle, menulis untuk makalah yang sama, mengomentari "aura damai", dan percaya, "Jika dia bisa melewati masa pubertas dengan aura yang tidak terganggu, dia bisa menjadi aktris penting." Johansson mendapatkan nominasi untuk Penghargaan Roh Independen untuk Pemeran Utama Wanita Terbaik untuk peran tersebut.
After appearing in minor roles in Fall and Home Alone 3 (both 1997), Johansson attracted wider attention for her performance in the film The Horse Whisperer (1998), directed by Robert Redford. The drama film, based on the 1995 novel of the same name by Nicholas Evans, tells the story of a talented trainer with a gift for understanding horses, who is hired to help an injured teenager played by Johansson. The actress received an "introducing" credit on this film, although it was her seventh role. On Johansson's maturity, Redford described her as "13 going on 30". Todd McCarthy of Variety commented that Johansson "convincingly conveys the awkwardness of her age and the inner pain of a carefree girl suddenly laid low by horrible happenstance". For the film, she was nominated for the Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Most Promising Actress. She believed that the film changed many things in her life, realizing that acting is the ability to manipulate one's emotions. On finding good roles as a teenager, Johansson said it was hard for her as adults wrote the scripts and they "portray kids like mall rats and not seriously ... Kids and teenagers just aren't being portrayed with any real depth".
Johansson later appeared in My Brother the Pig (1999) and in the neo-noir, Coen brothers film The Man Who Wasn't There (2001). Her breakthrough came playing a cynical outcast in Terry Zwigoff's black comedy Ghost World (2001), an adaptation of Daniel Clowes' graphic novel of the same name. Johansson auditioned for the film via a tape from New York, and Zwigoff believed her to be "a unique, eccentric person, and right for that part". The film premiered at the 2001 Seattle International Film Festival; it was a box office failure, but has since developed a cult status. Johansson was credited with "sensitivity and talent [that] belie her age" by an Austin Chronicle critic, and won a Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance.
With David Arquette, Johansson appeared in the horror comedy Eight Legged Freaks (2002), about a collection of spiders that are exposed to toxic waste, causing them to grow to gigantic proportions and begin killing and harvesting. After graduating from Professional Children's School that year, she applied to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts; she decided to focus on her film career when she was rejected.