If you are an athlete, then you understand how essential protecting your head and neck is. Every action requires the brain to send commands to the muscles in order to work. Your brain sends these instructions to other parts of your body through specialized cells called neurons. The spinal cord is the structure that connects your brain and body and in humans, this cord measures 1.5 feet in length.
The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord. It is not surprising that a system that covers so much ground can have a wide range of problems. There are several neurological disorders you are probably familiar with, including Alzheimer's, ADHD, epilepsy, and Parkinson's.
Stem cells play an important role in treating diseases of the central nervous system
If you clean your room, do you see a dust bunny under the bed? Do you ever wonder how it got there? Often, dust bunnies are the result of dead skin cells falling from us as we move. Every four months we get new red blood cells, our hair grows, and our nails get longer.
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How is our body able to grow in so many different areas? Each of these areas produces the stem cells required for the development of these structures. A stem cell can produce a wide variety of cells, a bit like a factory producing different types of cells in mass.
You get new skin every four weeks because your skin stem cells reproduce enough cells. The red blood cells are produced by cells in your blood every second! Adults and teenagers have stem cells in practically every organ and tissue of their bodies.
These stem cells support the growth of tissues as well as maintain tissues with continually replenishing cells. In the brain, stem cells may form astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which surround the neurons with protective cells and support them).
Top life science consulting firms are always guiding researchers to explore neural stem cells. These stem cells are found in the central nervous system, also act in the activity of the brain, regenerated mostly in response to injury and disease.
These cells have a number of unique qualities that make them special. The way they are produced is not yet researched but is in the developmental stage thanks to many biotechnological consulting firms, that are constantly looking for newer ways to support researchers.
It is possible for a stem cell to divide. During the division, one divided cell will become a specialized cell and one will become another stem cell. By dividing stem cells, different types of cells can be produced, this also includes tissue cells.
As an example, blood stem cells can become any type of blood cell. All types of cells in the central nervous system can be formed from neural stem cells. This is known as multipotency. Multipotency is about being able to do multiple things at once.
In contrast, pluripotency refers to the ability to become cell types that exist in any tissue. The majority of adult stem cells have multipotency, but embryonic stem cells have pluripotency. Some researchers believe that stem cells can provide an endless supply of cells for medical treatments, particularly for cancer treatment.
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