Eye examinations can help detect eye problems in the earliest stages of treatment. With Regular eye examinations ophthalmologists can provide advice on eye care. And an eye exam can provide clues about your health. So you must go for the eye test for determining the eye disorder in time.
What is an eye examination?
Eye examinations include a series of tests to assess vision and detect eye diseases. Your ophthalmologist will use various instrument. He will drop bright light on your eyes and ask you to look through different lenses. Each test during an eye examination assesses many aspects of vision and eye health.
Importance of eye examination:
An eye examination is critical because many eye disorders have few or no symptoms. In such cases, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to protect vision. During an eye examination, your ophthalmologist looks for early signs of any diseases.
As we now know the importance of the eye test for determining the eye disorder in time. Apart from this, what are the other reasons that we must go for an eye examination?
The eyes are like windows through which one can see the world. Whether you're reading, watching a movie, or driving, your eyes are always working. Your eyes are tired of almost all daily activities except sleep. And because of its dynamic role in your life, you need to pay attention to your eye health.
The simplest method to take care of your eye's health is to go for a regular eye examination.
The best time for an eye test:
Several factors, such as age, health, , determine when and how often an eye exam is needed. The general guidelines are:
· Kids of age three years and younger:
Your child's paediatrician will check your kid's eye for the healthy growth of eyes. The doctor will check for the most common eye problems in your child, such as:
- Lazy eyes
- Misaligned eyes or cross-eyes
- A broader eye examination between the ages of 3 and 5 looks for vision and eye alignment problems.
· School children and adolescents:
Take your child to check their eyesight before entering kindergarten. Your child's doctor may then recommend regular examinations.
Suppose you are healthy and have no symptoms of vision problems. You should do a comprehensive eye examination in your 40s. It is in the case if your vision changes and eye disease starts. On the basis of screening tests, your doctor may recommend the frequency eye tests.
If you are 60 years old or above, you should have an eye exam every 2 to 2 years.
· Go for an eye examination more often if:
- You Wear glasses or contact lenses
- You have a history of loss of vision or any other eye disease in your family
- There are chronic diseases that increase the risk of eye diseases, such as diabetes.
- Take medicine with severe side effects related to the eye.
Different types of eye tests:
Here are some different types of the eye test for determining the eye disorder in time.
1. VISUAL ACUITY TEST:
With one eye at a time, you read the letters on the board at a certain distance from you. Your optometrist will use your answer to determine how the level of vision in each eye. He will compare the result to standard 20/20 vision.
There is a machine called phoropter for retinoscopy. Retinoscopy can help the optometrist approach the perfect lens prescription. When you look through the phoropter, the eye specialist puts a different lens in front of you. You concentrate on the notable object in front of you (the "E" in the upper line of the eye map). Optometrists shed light on your eyes. They see the affect of light on your eyes with different lenses.
3. REFRACTION TEST:
Besides to retinoscopy, refraction tests determine the prescription for your eyeglasses. Also, during this vision test, look at the phoropter and look at the eye map on the opposite wall.
During the test, you will see a series of glasses. Optometrists ask which of the two lens options is more visible. Based on your answer, the optometrist will determine you eye's condition. Whether your eye is far-sight, nearsighted, or shortsighted.
4. KERATOMETRY TEST:
Ophthalmologists use corneal measurement tests (keratometry tests) to detect astigmatism. This test measures the outer shape and curve of the eye called the cornea. The cornea's shape affects how the light recognizes and reflects it. Some people have sharp curved or elongated corneas. Such condition is astigmatism (short sight).
Look at a particular machine during the test. Your ophthalmologist will adjust the device so that it aligns with your eyes. The eye specialist reads a machine measurement that shows the shape of the cornea.
5. PERIPHERAL VISUAL FIELD TEST:
People tend to focus on everything our eyes see directly. But we can also see objects on the sides of our field of vision. This display area is peripheral vision. Visual field tests check our peripheral vision.
There are different types of peripheral vision tests. Each test allows the doctor to identify the peripheral vision gap. He also identifies the size of the visual field.
6. Measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP):
One of the eye test for determining the eye disorder in time is the IOP test.
The intraocular pressure test measures the force or pressure caused by the fluid in the eye. Abnormal intraocular pressure can be a warning sign for glaucoma.The glaucoma testing machine delivers rapid air to the open eyes. Your eyes react by closing as the blowing air surprises you for a moment. The device then measures eye pressure based on the reaction to the air's force and the eye's resistance. These explanations of a typical eye exam should reveal that the eye exam is simple and painless. Visit your local ophthalmologist regularly to have the eye test for determining the eye disorder in time. If you don't know about the best eye specialist in your area, you can search for it on Marham. Pk. This platform provides you with a list of the best doctors in every field. So you can easily find the best eye specialist in Lahore at Marham. Pk.