Types of Air Conditioning Systems 


According to the US Department of Energy reports, homemakers worldwide spend around $11 billion per year for powering their AC unit. It is something quite huge that is spent on the cooling systems every year. When the time comes to replace your Air Conditioning system, you get overwhelmed with the options. The air conditioners represent a huge investment in your budget and home, and you would surely prefer getting your money’s worth. However, you may get perplexed in choosing the right option.

Evaluating the size, energy-efficiency features, quality, cost, home requirements, and other AC unit features is enough to make the right choice. Below is a helpful guide to make things simpler for you and you can follow the same to choose the right Air Conditioning system for your house.

Types of Air Conditioning Units

There are six different Air Conditioning systems, and each designed for a specific reason and different spaces. The six different AC units are ductless, basic central AC, portable unit, window unit, geothermal unit, and Hybrid.

Central Air Conditioning

The central AC unit comprises the condenser, evaporator, and compressor in a single unit installed on a concrete slab or roof. The unit has a duct attached that runs through exterior walls or roof, draws air from inside the house. It is a reverse cycle air conditioning system that can collect warm air from outside and turn them into cool air. The centralized AC units can be used in conjunction with heating coils and natural gas furnace inside the foundation.

Ductless Split Air Conditioning

The second most common choice is the ductless or mini-split Air Conditioning unit. It is a good choice for homes. The ductless AC system combines the condenser and outdoor compressor with one or more indoor units. The indoor units are either mounted on the walls or close to the ceiling with a blower attached. The tubing connects the indoor unit with the outdoor system, and it circulates the refrigerant between the tubes. It is known as a split air conditioner, and you can easily install such units in your room. You do not need to install any ducts in your home for this air conditioning system.

Unlike central AC units, each house's room would require a separate unit that cools the room. There is no need for tearing down walls and it allows the temperature to be controlled separately in every room. You can hire an HVAC contractor to install it for you, like experts from Magnolia Heating and Cooling. It is energy-efficient, but it is expensive. You need to install the separate unit in each room.

Window Units

It is the common type of Air Conditioning system for a single room. All the components are enclosed within a single box. The thermostat gauge is fitted into a single slot made in the window sill or walls where the unit is installed.

Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners

Packaged terminal air conditioners, also known as PTACs are stand-alone heating and air conditioning units being installed through a wall. The PTAC system is ductless that eases the installation process, making it an easy-to-install unit for your home and makes the overall price cheaper. PTAC4Less offers affordable refurbished packaged terminal air conditioners units to reduce energy costs and improve efficiency.

Portable Units

It is like the window units, but portable. It can be moved from one room to another. It is freestanding and self-contained, and you can move it anywhere across the house. It uses an outlet to power on and the windows to throw out the exhaust air.

Hybrid Air Conditioning

The Hybrid Air Conditioning units alternate between burning fossil fuels and utilizing electricity to save energy and money. It pulls heatwaves inside the room and throws them out outdoors. In winters, it works to pull heat from the outside environment and distributing it inside the room.

Geothermal Heating and Cooling System

It is a new type of Air Conditioning system that uses geothermal technology. It extracts the heat from underneath the ground and transfers it into the room. The geothermal coils are installed inside the ground, and it is used to cool and heat the room.

These are some of the common types of Air Conditioning systems that are available in the market today. You can choose the best one according to your budget.